Recently the House passed its version of The National Uniformity for Foods Act, HR 4167. If the pending Senate version of this legislation is passed, years of state statutes regarding food labelling could be undone.
The House of Representatives has passed a controversial “national food uniformity” labeling law that would take away local government and states’ power to require food safety food labels such as those required in California and other states on foods or beverages that are likely to cause cancer, birth defects, allergic reactions, or mercury poisoning. This bill would also prevent citizens in local municipalities and states from passing laws requiring that genetically engineered foods and ingredients such as Monsanto’s recombinant Bovine Growth Hormone (rBGH) be labeled.
States will actually be required to apply to the federal government for leave to deviate in labelling requirements. States which currently have more stringent labelling standards would need federal permission to continue this practice. The Senate version is still pending.
The National Uniformity for Foods Act, which passed the House of Representatives in March, would roll back essential food safety laws and would preempt state and local authorities by prohibiting states and localities from enacting food safety regulations stronger than those required by the federal government. It would also prevent state and local governments from filling gaps in food safety laws whenever the federal government has no warning standard for a food product.
Accordingly, Governor Schwarzenegger has thrown his, umm, weight, into the opposition to this legislation, joining Senators Feinstein and Boxer. The concern is that the federal legislation would undo Proposition 65. His full letter to Senator Feinstein appears below.
April 18, 2006
The Honorable Dianne Feinstein United States Senate Washington, DC 20510
Dear Senator Feinstein,
Thank you for your letter regarding HR 4167, the “National Uniformity for Food Act of 2005.”
California has a long and proud tradition of setting landmark health and environmental standards that become the basis of similar actions in other states and at the federal level. I am a strong believer in the rights of individual states to enact laws that protect its citizens and the environment, and the federal government should not interfere in a state’s ability to do so.
I share your deep concern regarding the potential consequences this legislation could have on our consumers and public health. As you well know, the history of Proposition 65 (“Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986”) is rooted in the power of the people to enact legislation. In fact, California voters by a sixty-three percent majority passed Proposition 65 in 1986. The citizens of our great State fought hard to provide warning labels on products that knowingly expose individuals to any substance that may cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm. As drafted, HR 4167 would expressly preempt state authority to issue warnings related to public health and safety as currently provided under Proposition 65.
For example, as a result of Proposition 65 Mexican candy manufacturers were forced to reduce harmful levels of lead in the products they sell in California; several major vendors of bottled water were forced to remove cancer-causing arsenic from their products. Major California supermarket chains now post warnings in their fresh and frozen fish sections that contain Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and California Department of Health Services recommendations for safe consumption of fish that contain mercury. These same FDA recommendations are not posted in retail outlets in other states, but rather on the FDA website. I am very concerned that HR 4167 would remove our ability to require these signs in California and undermine our ability to protect our citizens and promote consumer awareness.
As you know, the FDA has limited activity concerning food contaminants that cause cancer or reproductive effects. FDA’s food labeling requirements focus on nutritional content and its advisories focus on short-term health issues. This is very important but fails to consider longer-term concerns over carcinogens and reproductive toxicants, which are specifically provided for under Proposition 65. As such, our California laws fill a gap in important federal FDA programs.
I oppose Congressional preemption of Proposition 65 and I look forward to working with you and our Congressional Delegation to continue California’s legitimate and rightful role of upholding strong public health and food safety standards.
Arnold Schwarzenegger Governor of the State of California
Please call your SenateCritter and state your disgust in no uncertain terms. This legislation must be defeated.
Why the Anti-Consumer Federal Food Label Uniformity Law is a Bad Idea
The federal government allows 1,000 times the amount of E. coli in oysters
April 24, 2006 St. Petersburg Times
The U.S. federal government allows, according to this editorial, 1,000 times the amount of E. coli in oysters as the state of Florida, and asks, who would you prefer set the standard? Marion Aller, the state Agriculture Department’s director of food safety and a nationally recognized expert on the subject, says that a bill making its way through Congress threatens Florida’s food safety standards.
The House passed the bill (H.R. 4167) and the Senate will considered it in coming weeks. Don’t be fooled by the bill’s innocuous title, the National Uniformity for Food Act. “It’s about more than food labeling,” Aller said. “It pre-empts state food adulteration laws.” Florida PIRG found that while the state regulates the sanitation of shellfish processing, no such federal law exists. Aller said Florida sets a strict limit on the amount of E. coli bacteria present in oysters; federal guidelines allow 1,000 times the state limit. State law requires inspections of milk production and food safety in restaurants; federal law does not. Florida also has its own strict code for fresh and processed citrus products. All of those extra protections could be lost if the bill wins Senate approval. …